Browsing Your Search Results

Browsing your search results is another way of saying "viewing the results of your search." Depending on which service you use to run a search, different features are available when browsing your search results.

A basic set of browse features is available when browsing results from any of the following:

Browse information for these features is covered when you click the Browse Basics link below. Browse options for the Auto-Cite® and Get by Citation (LEXSEE®/LEXSTAT®) services differ somewhat from basic browsing; therefore, these options are available from additional links below.

Click a link to read more about the different features available within the different categories of browsing.

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Browse Basics

Click a link below to read more about the basic features of the browse function.

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View Formats

You can look at your list of search results in several different view formats, available through links at the top of your browse page. Each view format displays a different level of detail. The search feature you used to run your search determines the view formats that are available to you.

Cite View

Displays basic information, in a numbered list, about the documents your search found. The information includes the name, title or headline, author or byline, source, and date. Other information may appear, depending on which sources you search.

In Cite view, you can click the initial link in each entry to see the Full Text of that document.

To print, download, Fax or Email selected documents, click the check boxes next to the documents you want to deliver. Then, select Print, Download, Fax or Email. On the delivery form that appears, you'll see the document numbers you selected displayed in the Selected Documents box under Document Range.

KWIC™ View

Displays documents in the "Key Words In Context" format, showing each of your search terms surrounded by a window of text. The KWIC™ format is useful for determining if a document is applicable to your research topic. The default number of words displayed with each search term found is 25 before/25 after. To change this to any number between 1 and 999, click + 25.

You can easily switch view formats by clicking on the appropriate link.

If you submitted a Natural Language search and selected the KWIC format, you may also view your search results in SuperKWIC™ format. The SuperKWIC format displays documents with the portion of text that most closely matches your search description. You may toggle SuperKWIC format on and off by clicking the SuperKWIC link near the top and bottom of the display.

Full Text View

Displays the complete text of the documents your search found.

You can easily switch view formats by clicking on the appropriate link.

If your search results include enhanced table of contents documents, you can display the pinpoint reference for any location in them using the floating cite assistant, while viewing them in Full format. To do this, leave the mouse pointer over the location for a moment. You'll see a pinpoint citation reference. If you have the bottom toolbar displayed on your browser, the pinpoint citation reference displays there, too.

Note:

Custom View

Click Custom to select the document segments you want to view. For example, if you want to view only the body of your documents without the headline, date, etc., click the Custom link, then make your selections on the Custom View Options page. After you have made your selections, this custom view will be used for viewing or delivering results retrieved using this source each time you select Custom View on a search results page, or Custom on a delivery page. Other view formats are not affected.

Note:

Once you have created a custom view by selecting segments on the Custom View Options page, you'll see your custom view each time you select the Custom link. To change your custom viewing selections, click the Custom link on your results page.

Note:  To change your delivery selections, click the Edit button next to Custom on the delivery page (changing selections on a delivery page does not affect your custom view when viewing results).

You can easily switch view formats by clicking on the appropriate link.

TOC View

If your results retrieve a section of a source containing an enhanced table of contents, you can use it to jump to specific documents within the source. When the table of contents of a source is displayed, the current view is "TOC." If you retrieve a section of the source using the table of contents or the search feature, other views (Cite, KWIC, Full, and Custom) are available. You can click the "TOC" view at any time to return to the top level of the table of contents.

When you use the table of contents to retrieve a document, you'll see a "TOC" trail displayed just above the document header. You can click any link in the trail to return to that level of the table of contents. Click the dollar sign ($) to display the undiscounted price for searching the source. Discounts that may be part of your pricing plan or subscription are not reflected in this price.

If clicking the dollar sign does not display the price, please contact your system administrator.

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Document Navigation Links

If your search has found more than one document, these links appear at the top and bottom of the document being viewed.

Click the prev or next link to navigate to the preceding or following document in your results.

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Combined Search Results

When you select multiple sources for a search, your results are organized into interactive tabs. These tabs consist of a summary tab and a tab for each category from which you selected a source (e.g. Legislation & Politics, News, etc.).

Note:  The Combined Search Results feature is not available from a More Like This Headnote search.

Using the tabs

Click a tab name to see a list of sources contained in that category.

-OR-

Hover the cursor over a tab's right arrow icon to select a source directly, without switching to the category tab first.

For example, if you selected "New York Times," "Legal News Publications," and "The American Lawyer" - all from the News category - for a combined search, the resulting News tab contains an item for each source for which there was at least one result.

When there are more tabs than can be displayed on a screen, four red navigation arrows appear to the right of the tabs. These interactive arrows move the tab display left or right, allowing you to access more tabs. The arrows dim when no further movement is possible.

Summary Tab

The Summary Tab contains the following elements:

Source
The combined source set label and number you used to perform the search. Click the I icon for a list of the sources in the combined source set.

Terms
The search terms you used to perform the search.

All Results
This number shows the total results found for this search.

Category (Name - Number)
Category or type of source, followed by the number of results found for that category.

Sources
The sources in which results were found, along with the number of results found for each source.

Note:  Sources may appear in more than one category. The All Results heading reports the number of documents from each source only once even though the source and its results may appear under multiple categories.

Print Summary Table (Summary Tab only)
Click this link to print a copy of the table.

Category Tabs

Basic navigational functions are the same as the non-tabbed format. See Document Navigation Links.

For information about navigating using the tabs, see "Using the tabs".

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FAST Print

Click this icon to set up your FAST Print options. The FAST Print feature eliminates print screens and streamlines the feature for future use. If you have set up the FAST Print options already, click this icon to use the feature.

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FOCUS™ Feature

After performing your initial search, use the FOCUS™ feature to narrow your search results. A FOCUS search finds documents within your results that contain the FOCUS terms you specify.

Each subsequent FOCUS search results in a smaller answer set than the previous one, assuming your FOCUS terms are present in the previous results set.

You can perform a FOCUS search using the FOCUS bar at the top left of your results or by clicking the "FOCUS Options" link at the top right. The FOCUS options let you restrict your FOCUS search by date range or document segment in addition to search terms.

You can perform a FOCUS search on:

Note:

You can also perform a FOCUS search Using Semantic Concepts by selecting that check box.

Choose a topic below to learn more about the FOCUS feature:

Performing a FOCUS Search on All Documents

Follow the steps below to search for FOCUS terms within your result or answer set:

  1. Enter new terms or revise your original terms in the FOCUS Terms box. The FOCUS Terms box is located in the FOCUS bar, at the top of the search results page.

    Note:  If the FOCUS bar does not appear, click the red plus sign (+) on the right side of the screen above your search results to display it. If the red plus sign is not visible, verify that you have chosen Show FOCUS Bar in the Results View section of the Preferences form by clicking Preferences in the upper navigation bar.

  2. Verify that "All Documents" is selected in the Search Within drop-down list.

  3. Click Go. The results of your FOCUS search appear on a new page.
Performing a FOCUS Search on Selected Documents

Note:  If you are viewing combined search results, you cannot select documents from the All Results tab. Select a category or a source first, then select which items you want to zero in on.

Follow the steps below to search for FOCUS terms within only the documents that you specify:

  1. Review your search results and click the check boxes beside the documents that you want to include in your FOCUS search.

    Note:  If your search returns only one document, no check box will appear.

  2. Enter new terms or revise your original terms in the FOCUS Terms box. The FOCUS Terms box is located in the FOCUS bar, at the top of the search results page.

    Note:  If the FOCUS bar does not appear, click the red plus sign (+) on the right side of the screen above your search results to display it. If the red plus sign is not visible, verify that you have chosen Show FOCUS Bar in the Results View section of the Preferences form by clicking Preferences in the upper navigation bar.

  3. Verify that "Selected Documents" is selected in the Search Within drop-down list.

  4. Click Go. The results of your FOCUS search appear on a new page.
Exiting the Current FOCUS Search

To exit the FOCUS search and return to your original search results, click the "Exit FOCUS" link.

After returning to the original search results, you may run a new FOCUS search that is completely independent of the previous FOCUS search. The new search runs against the same set of results, but retrieves a different subset of documents based on the terms you enter.

Finding Your FOCUS Terms in a Document

To quickly find occurrences of your FOCUS terms in a single document, select the KWIC view in your FOCUS results. Each of your FOCUS search terms appears in bold and is displayed with nearby text. If you switch to the Full Text view, your FOCUS search terms still appear in bold.

Accessing FOCUS Options

Click the "FOCUS Options" link in the FOCUS bar to access the full FOCUS form. This form provides additional date and segment restriction tools for your FOCUS search. While the FOCUS bar is hidden, you may also click the FOCUS link above your search results to access the full FOCUS form.

To specify whether the FOCUS bar is shown or hidden each time you sign in, click Preferences in the upper navigation bar and modify the Show FOCUS Bar option in the Results View section.

Developing Your FOCUS Search

When developing a FOCUS search, move from a broad topic to specific, relevant details. For example: your client, an 11 year old girl, was bitten by a pit bull as she was cutting through a neighbor's yard on her way home from school. You need to find cases relating to an owner's liability for injuries incurred as a result of a dog bite. Your search is:

dog W/10 bite OR injur! W/20 liab!

In the Federal Cases source, this search retrieves 117 documents. That's too many to look through, so you want to narrow your results to focus on the dog owner's possible negligence in letting the dog run free in the yard. Add the following term to the FOCUS Terms box and click Go:

and negligen!

This search retrieves 83 documents. This is fewer than your initial search, but you still want more specific information. To get it, you can add additional FOCUS terms and continue narrowing your search.

In your state, owners of pit bulls and other vicious dogs are subject to special laws, so you decide to focus on that. Your FOCUS search (on your original search results) is:

and negligen! and pit bull

This search retrieves 6 cases—a much easier number to work with.

What is Semantic Searching?

Semantic searching facilitates query creation and improves your search results by using semantics, the science of meaning in language. Semantic searches modified by the searcher and enhanced with Boolean logic generate more complete and relevant results than traditional searches.

With semantic searching, you use the same data sources you already use, but your search results will contain only the most relevant items. Using simple English terms, sentences, or paragraphs as the search query, the semantic search engine searches across multiple sources stored in multiple locations, even if they have different indexing systems. Semantic analysis is available for STM (Science, Technology, and Medical) sources, such as a patent or Elsevier Science source (see this Microsoft® Excel file for the official list of semantically-enabled sources).

The LexisNexis® Total Research System service can perform a semantic analysis of your input before running your search, generating a weighted list of terms that will be used as search terms. You can review and modify the terms and their weights before submitting your search (by clicking the "Analyze Search Input" button), or you can run your search without first viewing the weighted list of terms (by clicking the "Search Now" button). In both cases, you can add field restrictions or additional Boolean logic to fine tune your search.

Narrowing Your Search Using Semantic Concepts

Select the Using Semantic Concepts check box if you want to use Semantic Concepts in your FOCUS™ search.

Tip:  Narrowing using semantic concepts runs a FOCUS search only using the documents that are already in your results.

For example, if there are 2,000 documents in your results, where the most relevant ones deal with a specific company and the last 5 documents deal with databases - running a semantic narrow for database would cause the 5 documents that had been at the bottom of the list to move to the top, and any company-specific results that do not also relate to databases would be removed from the list.

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Show/Hide Hits

When you view your search results in the Cite format, you can choose to see each occurrence of each of your search terms in each document in the Cite list. Each search term appears in bold type and is surrounded by a variably sized window of text in a manner similar to the KWIC format. When you're viewing a Cite list of search results, you can switch back and forth between Hide Hits and Show Hits by clicking the appropriate link that appears near the top of the Cite list.

The expanded Cite view is available with virtually all LexisNexis® research services materials, including case law, statutes, law reviews, and news articles with the following exceptions:

The expanded Cite view is also available with Cite lists resulting from More Like This searches.

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More Like This

When you find a good, on-point document in your results, click the "More Like This" link at the top or bottom of your document to find more documents similar to it. More Like This makes it easy to get precise results quickly.

Note:  The More Like This feature is not available in some cases (for instance, in Book Browse mode).

To find more on-point documents, More Like This creates a new search using your original search words, core cites or core terms, and other information from the original document. Depending on which option you have selected on the Preferences form, when you click the "More Like This" link at the top or bottom of the document, one of the following occurs:

When you click the "More Like This" link while using the LEXSEE® and LEXSTAT® features, the More Like This form always displays so that you can select a source (required).

Note:

The More Like This feature works with virtually all LexisNexis® research services materials, including case law, statutes, law reviews, and news articles. However, it is not available with documents found through the Shepard's® Citations Service, the Auto-Cite® service, or most financial materials. This feature is only available if you are using an advanced browser, version 4.0 or higher.

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More Like Selected Text

More Like Selected Text is a convenient research tool that allows you to create and search on your own "casenote." Simply highlight a portion of relevant text, then click the "More Like Selected Text" link at the top or bottom of your document.

Note:  This feature is only available if you are using an advanced browser (version 4.0 or higher). The More Like Selected Text feature works with virtually all LexisNexis research service materials but it is not available with documents found through the Shepard's® Citations Service or the Auto-Cite® service.

Depending on which option you have selected on the Preferences form, one of the following occurs when you click the "More Like Selected Text" link:

When you submit a More Like Selected Text search, the LexisNexis® research services first analyze your selected text, looking for key terms and important legal citations. It then retrieves other documents that contain similar patterns of words and citations.

Note:  For best results, limit your selected text to no more than one paragraph. Also, try to focus on a single subject or issue, and be sure to highlight any case law citations that appear in connection with the issue.

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Copy w/ Cite Feature

Copy and paste a section of text, including the reference, from the LexisNexis® research services to your word processor.

Note:

To use this feature:

  1. In Full or Book Browse format, select your text then click the "Copy w/ Cite" link at the top of the page.

    Note:  Clicking the "Copy w/ Cite" link without selecting text copies only the reference.

  2. When the Copy w/ Cite pop-up window appears, confirm that you have copied the correct section of text. If desired, select the "Copy reference as hyperlink" check box to paste the reference as a hyperlink into your word processor.

    Note:

If you are using Microsoft® Internet Explorer 5.x or higher,

  1. Click the "Copy to Clipboard" button.

  2. Open your word processor and paste the text into it.

Click the Cancel button to close the window without copying text.

If you are using Netscape® Navigator 7.02 or higher,

  1. Select the text in the Copy w/ Cite pop-up window.

  2. Right-click the text and select "Copy" or press CTRL + C on your keyboard.

  3. Open your word processor and paste the text into it.

Click the Close button to close the window without copying text.

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Related Content

The Related Content panel appears on the left side of case law document pages when you open the document in the Full View. Related Content brings together all the related documentation for the case you selected and makes it readily available to you. The top portion of the panel gives you access to related court documents, treatises, expert commentary, and judge profiles.

The lower portion of the panel lets you navigate through the sections of the case itself, from the prior history to the outcome and back to the top of the document

As you use the next and previous links () to view other documents in your results, the Related Content panel updates to display links to the related items for each document, with the new case name shown at the top.


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Shepardize

When viewing a case law document, you can further research that citation by clicking the Shepardize link. Doing this runs the current citation through the Shepard's® Citations Service and verifies whether that case is still good, while also reporting other cases that have cited your case.

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TOA

In Full format, you can generate a Shepard's® table of authorities for the case that the headnote is part of by clicking the TOA link. A Shepard's® table of authorities tells you the subsequent treatment of each of the cited references supporting the case.

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Source:

Displayed just above your cite list, KWIC™ text, or document, "All Sources" (and the sources that follow it) shows the "trail" of the path you have taken through the source hierarchy using "Explore Sources" or "Look for a Source." If you wish, you can click one of the links in the trail at any time to return to a point in the path you've been following.

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Terms:

The terms of your search and any date restrictions are displayed here. To modify your search terms, click "Edit Search" or click "Suggest Terms for My Search" to return to the search form with the "Suggested Words and Concepts for Entered Terms" section expanded.

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Edit Search

If, when reviewing your search results, you determine that you would like to change your search terms, click the "Edit Search" link and complete the Enter Search Terms form. This is the same form that you completed when you ran your initial search. You may edit the existing search terms in any way.

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Select for FOCUS™ or Delivery

As you browse the documents in your results, you can select this check box to mark one or more for a FOCUS search or for delivery later in your session. You can mark several documents, then click FOCUS or a delivery option (such as print or Email) and the document numbers for those you marked will be displayed on the FOCUS or delivery form.

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Shepard's Signal™

If the cite list contains case law documents, you may see a Shepard's Signal™ displayed to the left of the citation for the case. (To see a definition of the signal, leave your mouse pointer over the signal for a few seconds.) You can click this signal to Shepardize™ this case from the cite list to verify its value as a precedent and to examine other legal authorities that have cited your case. Use the Back button on your browser to return to the cite list.

Note:

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Cite List Overviews

Cite List Overviews are brief summaries of the important issues addressed by a case. They appear in the Cite list beneath the citation for case law documents when the "Show Cite List Overviews" option is selected on the Preferences form. Cite List Overviews provide you with a quick summary of the legal issues of a case to help you quickly determine which documents in your results are most relevant to your research.

Cite List Overviews is a searchable segment. When you search case law documents, click Restrict Search Using Document Segments to find the segment name CITEOVERVIEW in the list of segments, or type it in your search text.

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Case Law Summaries

Case Law Summaries include the Procedural Posture, the Overview and the Outcome of a case law document. They appear at the top of a document when it is displayed in the Full or KWIC™ view formats and the "Show Case Summary" option is selected on the Preferences form. Case Law Summaries can help you quickly determine whether to read the case in detail or review the next case in your results.

The Procedural Posture, the Overview, and the Outcome are searchable segments. When you search case law documents, click Restrict Search Using Document Segments to find the segment names POSTURE, OVERVIEW, and OUTCOME in the list of segments, or type them in your search text.

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Core Cites

Core cites are citations that appear within a document. When you submit a More Like This search with the Core Cites option selected, the LexisNexis® research services search for other documents with citation patterns similar to the document from which you invoked More Like This. Citations extracted from your document include citations to cases, patents, law review articles, the US Code, the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), and the Federal Register. Using the More Like This form, you can also add mandatory terms and phrases to specify an issue or fact that is relevant to your research.

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Core Terms

Core terms are important words and phrases that appear within a document. They appear in your search results (when the Show Core Terms option is selected on the Preferences form). Viewed together, they provide you with a quick overview of key facts and concepts contained in a document. Core terms are not necessarily the words that appear most frequently in the text; advanced retrieval algorithms are used to determine which words should be included in the core term set. As a result, the terms selected as core terms are those which provide the best match between words important to the document and words important in the field of law. The terms selected can also include citations to primary and secondary sources of law.

When you submit a More Like This search with the Core Terms option selected in the More Like This form, the LexisNexis services search for documents with language patterns similar to the document from which you invoked More Like This. Using the More Like This form, you can also add other terms to your core terms search, and specify mandatory terms and phrases that are relevant to your research.

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LexisNexis® Headnotes

LexisNexis® Headnotes identify the major points of law found in an opinion, expressed in the actual language of the court. LexisNexis Headnotes appear in the results of a legal search when the Show Headnotes link is active (click Hide Headnotes if you don't want them displayed).

LexisNexis Headnotes is a searchable segment. When you search case law documents, click Restrict Search Using Document Segments to find the segment name LexisNexis® Headnotes in the list of segments, or type it in your search text.

Each LexisNexis Headnote is numbered (such as HN#1) and displays a down arrow next to the text. If you click the down arrow or the LexisNexis Headnote number, you'll jump to the location of that headnote in the actual body of the case. At that location, an up arrow is displayed; clicking this returns you to the list of LexisNexis Headnotes, where that headnote occurs.

Next to each LexisNexis Headnote you'll see links to the document and folder. When you click the document link, the "By Topic or Headnote" search form displays at the location of the topic hierarchy related to that LexisNexis Headnote. You can then enter search terms and find additional case law or analytical materials related to the headnote.

When you click the folder link, the topic hierarchy displays so you can select a topic, then enter search terms to find additional case law or analytical materials related to the headnote.

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Retrieve All

To the right of the LexisNexis Headnote, you'll see the Retrieve All icon ( retrieve all icon ). When you click this icon, then select a jurisdiction, you will see all the cases with headnotes on this topic, as well as additional cases containing discussion relevant to the topic.

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More Like This Headnote...

Click the "More like this Headnote" link at the end of a LexisNexis® headnote to see all the cases with LexisNexis Headnotes related to that specific headnote.

See Lexis® Search by Topic or Headnote for additional help.

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Shepardize: Restrict By Headnote

Click the "Shepardize: Restrict by Headnote" link at the end of a LexisNexis® headnote to see the Shepard's® report restricted by the headnote from which you linked.

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Practice Guide Icons

If the document you are viewing is from a Practice Guide source, you may see one or more of the icons below.

Note:

Empty Check box or Empty Circle
The check box and circle icons identify individual tasks in the online version of Practice Guides, as they did in the hardcopy version. However, in the online version, these icons cannot be checked or selected.

Arrow
This icon calls attention to a cross reference. Follow the cross reference link to view a related section of the Practice Guide.

Timing Note
This icon calls attention to a timing note. Read the note for important time considerations related to the topic.

Attention
This icon calls attention to a Warning or Strategic Point. Read these items for tips on avoiding problems or improving your strategy.

Trap
This icon identifies instructions for avoiding "traps," or common pitfalls in an area of law or a jurisdiction.

Decision Point
This icon identifies a point where a decision must be made. The accompanying note describes the possible choices and provides guidance on how to choose between the options.

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Lower Navigation Frame (Explore, Document or Term Navigation, and Reporter Page Navigation)

If you have "Show Lower Navigation Frame" selected on the Preferences page, you can use the navigation frame at the bottom of your search results page to display a particular document, go to a specific search term, go to specific points in a document, or, in legal documents containing paginated reporters, go to a specific reporter page.

Note:

Navigating to a Specific Part of a Document (Using the Outline Button)

When a document is displayed in Full format, you can click the Outline button, then use the menu that appears to navigate within the document to a particular segment (such as "body" or "opinion") or to the top of the document. If the document has an associated enhanced table of contents, you can also use the Outline button to navigate a series of cascading menus that link to specific subsections of the document.

Displaying a Document

To display a particular document, enter its number in the box next to Doc and click Go (the number of documents in your results is displayed next to the Go button). Use the right or left arrows to go to the previous or next document in your results.

Navigating to a Specific Search Term

When a document is displayed in Full, KWIC™, or Custom format, you can also use the navigation frame to go to specific search terms in the document.

Navigating to a Specific Reporter Page

Case law documents on the LexisNexis® research services have page number references that correspond to individual LexisNexis pages and printed pages from reporters. These references appear in brackets and contain up to three asterisks followed by a number, for example, [*424], [**55]. The number of asterisks identify the reporter, and the number following the asterisks indicates the page number.

Each case law document has a legend that shows the citations and the number of asterisks associated with each reporter. For example,

404 U.S. 336, *; 92 S. Ct. 515, **; 1971 US Lexis 143, ***; 30 L. Ed. 2d 488

When you view a case law document in Full view, you can navigate to a reporter page reference that coincides with a page in one of the hardcopy reporters paginated in the document. If you are viewing a document in KWIC or Custom format, you can click the reporter page reference to display the document in Full format at that reporter page.

Note:  When you click the reporter page reference in KWIC or Custom format, the document will open in the Full view at the beginning of that reporter page, not necessarily at the same location in the text. If you want to see the same text that is displayed in the KWIC or Custom view, click the reporter page reference closest to the beginning of that text.

To navigate to a specific reporter page:

Click the reporter name in the drop-down list next to "Page" (or in the running header of the document) that you want to use the pagination for. The reporter name you selected will be highlighted at the top of the page in red; the page references for that reporter will be highlighted in the document in red. Then, click the text box next to Go, enter the page number you want to navigate to, and click Go.

To highlight a reporter page so you can return to it quickly while browsing the rest of the document:

Click the page reference. The page reference will be highlighted in blue. Click Go at any time to return to that page reference from anywhere in the document.

To find out "where you are" with regard to the page references for the reporters that are paginated, anywhere in the document:

Leave the mouse pointer over the location for a moment. The reporter names and page numbers appear. If you have the bottom toolbar displayed on your browser, the reporter names and page numbers display there, too.

Note:  "Show floating pagination assistant" must be checked on the Preferences page in order to see this feature.

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Linking to Internal Revenue Code and Regulations

The document you are viewing may contain links to Internal Revenue Code and/or Treasury Regulations. When you click one of these links, a new browser window will be opened, showing the requested document in Lexis® Tax Advisor – Federal Code Reporter (which is part of Lexis® Tax Center). This window is divided into two panes: the right pane shows the Internal Revenue Code section or regulation, while the left pane shows links to materials related to the Internal Revenue Code section or regulation. These materials might include legislative history, treatises, news, and more.

Once you are finished reviewing the tax document, you can close the window and continue with your research on lexis.com®.

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Viewing Very Large Documents

If you attempt to view a document that is too large to be viewed all at once (due to browser limitations or some other factor), the document will be displayed in parts. When you reach the end of the first part, click the Next Page link to see the next part. When viewing subsequent parts, click the Previous Page link or Next Page link near the bottom of the page to move backward or forward through the document.

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Viewing Attachments

If your search results include documents with attachments, such as patent images, you can view the attachments. To view the attachments, display the document in the KWIC or Full viewing format, then click the "Get 1st Drawing Sheet of n" link at the top of the document.

When you click the attachment link, another browser window appears with the first attachment in the series displayed. If there is more than one attachment, the titles of the others are displayed in the left frame of the browser, under "Attachment List". To display one of these attachments, click its title.

To print the displayed image or save it to a file, use your browser functions (click the right button on your mouse, or use the File Menu functions).

Note:  If you open attachments from another document in your search results, the attachments from the new document will replace those of the previous document in the browser window.

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Book Browse

Use this feature when reading a document in results that can be browsed sequentially, such as statutes. Book Browse lets you navigate to the previous or next sections of a document by clicking the "previous" or "next" link at the top of the page.

Note:  Book Browse is available only in the Full view.

To use Book Browse, click the Book Browse link at the top left of your results. To return to normal browsing, click the Return to... link at the top left of the screen.

While using Book Browse, you can use most of the same browse features as in the Full Text view of normal browse. More info...

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Retrieve Full Docket Report from CourtLink® Corporation

If your results include CourtLink® docket summaries from one of the federal district courts (found in the Docket, Litigation, or Public Records sources), you'll see a link near the top of the summary for the CourtLink Web site, where you may retrieve full-docket reports.

Click the "Retrieve Full Docket Report from CourtLink Corporation" link to begin your order for a full-docket report. After confirming retrieval of the report, enter your billing information in the new window that appears.

Note:  Hourly billing customers will continue to accrue billable time with LexisNexis while using the CourtLink Web site.

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Auto-Cite® Service Browse

Click the links below to read more information about browsing your Auto-Cite results.

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Auto-Cite® Service Signal Indicator

The Auto-Cite® service signal indicator is displayed in your Auto-Cite® results and provides an immediate indication of the precedential value of a particular case. When these codes are present, the LexisNexis® research services display one of the following:

Note:  Not every case will have a signal indicator.

red stop sign icon 
Warning - Negative case history

This signal indicates that case history in the Auto-Cite® service has very negatively treated your case (for example, overruled by or reversed).

orange Q icon 
Questioned: Validity questioned by citing refs.

The orange Shepard's Signal™ indicates that the citing references in the Shepard's® Citations Service contain treatment that questions the continuing validity or precedential value of your case because of intervening circumstances, including judicial or legislative overruling.

yellow triangle icon 
Caution - Possible negative treatment

This signal indicates that case history in the Auto-Cite® service may have a significant negative impact on your case (for example, not followed or criticized by).

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Abbreviated View (available only with Auto-Cite® browse)

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Get By Citation Browse

Click the links below to read more information about browsing your Get by Citation results, cases you have selected from a Shepard's® Report, or cases accessed via an embedded link within a case law document.

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Return to Shepard's® (or Return to TOA)

You'll see one of these links only if you are viewing a document you selected from a Shepard's® report or from a Shepard's® table of authorities. Click this link to return to the full Shepard's® report or Shepard's® table of authorities report.

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Terms & Conditions. Please review them.